KnowHomeschooling:Copyrights

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Copyrights

All materials on this site are available under the GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.

Important note: The owners of Know Homeschooling do not own copyright on KnowHomeschooling.com article texts and illustrations. It is therefore useless to email our contact addresses asking for permission to reproduce content.

The license KnowHomeschooling.com uses grants free access to our content in the same sense as free software is licensed freely. This principle is known as copyleft. That is to say, KnowHomeschooling.com content can be copied, modified, and redistributed so long as the new version grants the same freedoms to others and acknowledges the authors of the KnowHomeschooling.com article used (a direct link back to the article satisfies our author credit requirement). KnowHomeschooling.com articles therefore will remain free forever and can be used by anybody subject to certain restrictions, most of which serve to ensure that freedom.

To fulfill the above goals, the text contained in KnowHomeschooling.com is licensed to the public under the All materials on this site are available under the GNU Free Documentation License 1.2..

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover Texts, and with no Back-Cover Texts.
Content on KnowHomeschooling.com is covered by disclaimers.

The English text of the GFDL is the only legally binding document; what follows is our interpretation of the GFDL: the rights and obligations of users and contributors.

IMPORTANT: If you want to reuse content from KnowHomeschooling.com, first read the Reusers' rights and obligations section. You should then read the GNU Free Documentation License 1.2..

Contributors' rights and obligations

If you contribute material to KnowHomeschooling.com, you thereby license it to the public under the GFDL (with no invariant sections, front-cover texts, or back-cover texts). In order to contribute, you therefore must be in a position to grant this license, which means that either

  • you own the copyright to the material, for instance because you produced it yourself, or
  • you acquired the material from a source that allows the licensing under GFDL, for instance because the material is in the public domain or is itself published under GFDL.

In the first case, you retain copyright to your materials. You can later republish and relicense them in any way you like. However, you can never retract the GFDL license for the versions you placed here: that material will remain under GFDL forever.

In the second case, if you incorporate external GFDL materials, as a requirement of the GFDL, you need to acknowledge the authorship and provide a link back to the network location of the original copy.

Using copyrighted work from others

All works are copyrighted unless they either fall into the Public domain or their copyright is explicitly disclaimed. If you use part of a copyrighted work under "Fair use", or if you obtain special permission to use a copyrighted work from the copyright holder under the terms of our license, you must make a note of that fact (along with names and dates). It is our goal to be able to freely redistribute as much of KnowHomeschooling.com's material as possible, so original images and sound files licensed under the GFDL or in the public domain are greatly preferred to copyrighted media files used under fair use.

Never use materials that infringe the copyrights of others. This could create legal liabilities and seriously hurt the project. If in doubt, write it yourself.

Note that copyright law governs the creative expression of ideas, not the ideas or information themselves. Therefore, it is legal to read an encyclopedia article or other work, reformulate the concepts in your own words, and submit it to KnowHomeschooling.com. However, it would still be unethical (but not illegal) to do so without citing the original as a reference.

Linking to copyrighted works

External sites can possibly violate copyright. Linking to copyrighted works is usually not a problem, as long as you have made a reasonable effort to determine that the page in question is not violating someone else's copyright. If it is, please do not link to the page. Knowingly and intentionally directing others to a site that violates copyright has been considered a form of contributory infringement in the United States ('Intellectual Reserve v. Utah Lighthouse Ministry). Also, linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work sheds a bad light on KnowHomeschooling.com and its editors. If the site in question is making fair use of the material, linking is fine.

If you find a copyright infringement

It is not the job of rank-and-file KnowHomeschooling.comns to police content for possible copyright infringement, but if you suspect one, you should at the very least bring up the issue on that page's talk page. Others can then examine the situation and take action if needed. The most helpful piece of information you can provide is a URL or other reference to what you believe may be the source of the text.

Some cases will be false alarms. For example, if the contributor was in fact the author of the text that is published elsewhere under different terms, that does not affect their right to post it here under the GFDL. Also, sometimes you will find text elsewhere on the Web that was copied from KnowHomeschooling.com. In both of these cases, it is a good idea to make a note in the talk page to discourage such false alarms in the future.

If some of the content of a page really is an infringement, then the infringing content should be removed, and a note to that effect should be made on the talk page, along with the original source. If the author's permission is obtained later, the text can be restored.

If all of the content of a page is a suspected copyright infringement, then the owners of Knowhomeschooling should be alerted and we will remove the page if it is found to be a copyright infringement.

In extreme cases of contributors continuing to post copyrighted material after appropriate warnings, such users may be blocked from editing to protect the project.

Image guidelines

Images and photographs, like written works, are subject to copyright. Someone owns them unless they have been explicitly placed in the public domain. Images on the internet need to be licensed directly from the copyright holder or someone able to license on their behalf. In some cases, fair use guidelines may allow a photograph to be used.

Currently, we do not allow the uploading of images to the wiki.

U.S. government photographs

Works produced by civilian and military employees of the United States federal government in the scope of their employment are public domain by statute. However, note that, despite popular misconception, the U.S. Federal Government can own copyrights that are assigned to it by others (for example, works created by contractors). Be careful, however: not all images on .mil and .gov websites are public domain. Among other reasons, the site may be using commercial stock photography owned by others. It may be useful to check the privacy and security notice of the website, but only with an email to the webmaster can you be confident that an image is in the public domain. It should also be noted that governments outside the U.S. often do claim copyright over works produced by their employees (for example, Crown copyright in the United Kingdom). Also, most state and local governments in the United States do not place their work into the public domain and do in fact own the copyright to their work. Please be careful to check ownership information before copying.

Celebrity photographs

This is based on the image guidelines at IMDB, so it especially applies to celebrity photographs, but also can apply to other pictures. Legitimate photographs generally come from three different places with permission.

  1. The studios, producers, magazine publisher, or media outlet that originally shot the photograph.
  2. Agencies that represent the photographers who shot the photos or the photographer themself (the latter especially for amateur photographs)
  3. Submissions from the celebrity himself or herself or a legal representative of the celebrity.

Comments on copyright laws by country

Russia: copyright exemptions

According to the Russian copyright law of 1993 (Федеральный закон от 9.07.1993 № 5351-1), the following items are not subject to copyrights:

  • Official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial character);
  • State symbols and tokens (flags, coats of arms, order (decoration)|orders, banknotes and other state symbols and tokens);
  • Folk creative works;
  • Reports about events and facts, of informative character.

Russian copyrights generally expire 70 years after the death of the author. Items by authors who died prior to 1953 are public domain – before 2004, the expiration term was 50 years, and this change of the term wasn't retroactive (see Law 72-FZ, 2004 (in Russian), article 2, part 3).

If an item was not published during author's life, its copyright expire 70 years after its first lawful publication (if the item wasn't moved into Public domain before). This gives maximum term for unpublished or posthumously published works of 140 (if the author died after 1953) or 120 years (if the author died before 1953, AND their work was published before 2003).

If an item was published anonymously or pseudonymously, and its author remains unknown, its copyright expires 70 years after its first lawful publication. If the author is discovered, usual rule applies.

PD status of a work in Russia can differ with that in the US, where KnowHomeschooling.com servers are located.

Algeria

Article 9 of Algeria's Ordonnance N°97-10 du 27 Chaoual 1417 correspondant au 6 mars 1997 relative aux droits d'auteur et aux droits voisins. states that: "Works of the State made licitly accessible to the public may be freely used for non-profit purposes, subject to respect for the integrity of the work and indication of its source. By "works of the State", in this article, are meant works produced and published by the various organs of the State, local communities, or public establishments of an administrative character." (original is in French.) In short, they are available for non-commercial use - which is deprecated on KnowHomeschooling.com.

Afghanistan, Bhutan, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Nepal, San Marino, Yemen

According to Circular 38a of the U.S. Copyright Office, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Ethiopia] Iran, Iraq, Nepal, San Marino, and possibly Yemen have no copyright relations whatsoever with the U.S. (Eritrea]isn't mentioned at all.) Works originating in one of these countries thus are not copyrighted in the United States, regardless of the local copyright laws of these countries (see 17 USC § 104, quoted in the circular).

KnowHomeschooling.com contributors should respect the copyright law of these nations as best they can.

Reusers' rights and obligations

If you want to use KnowHomeschooling.com materials in your own books/articles/web sites or other publications, you can do so, but you have to follow the GFDL.

If you create a derivative version by changing or adding content, this entails the following:

  • your materials in turn have to be licensed under GFDL,
  • you must acknowledge the authorship of the article, and
  • you must provide access to the "transparent copy" of the material. (The "transparent copy" of a KnowHomeschooling.com article is any of a number of formats available from us, including the wiki text, the html web pages, xml feed, etc.)

You may be able to partially fulfill the latter two obligations by providing a conspicuous direct link back to the KnowHomeschooling.com article hosted on this website. You also need to provide access to a transparent copy of the new text. However, please note that we make no guarantee to retain authorship information and a transparent copy of articles. Therefore, you are encouraged to provide this authorship information and a transparent copy with your derived works.

Example notice

An example notice, for an article that uses the KnowHomeschooling.com article [Choosing a curriculum] might read as follows:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the KnowHomeschooling.com article "Choosing a curriculum".

("Choosing a curriculum" and the KnowHomeschooling.com URL must of course be substituted accordingly.)

Alternatively you can distribute your copy of "Choosing a curriculum" along with a copy of the GFDL (as explained in the text) and list at least five (or all if fewer than five) principal authors on the title page (or top of the document).

Fair use materials and special requirements

All original KnowHomeschooling.com text is distributed under the GNU Free Documentation License|GFDL. Occasionally, KnowHomeschooling.com articles may include images, sounds, or text quotes used under the U.S. Copyright law "Fair use" doctrine. It is preferred that these be obtained under the most free (libre) license (such as the GFDL or public domain) practical. In cases where no such images/sounds are currently available, then fair use images are acceptable (until such time as free images become available).

In KnowHomeschooling.com, such "fair use" material should be identified as from an external source (on the image description page, or history page, as appropriate). This also leads to possible restrictions on the use, outside of KnowHomeschooling.com, of such "fair use" content retrieved from KnowHomeschooling.com: this "fair use" content does not fall under the GFDL license as such, but under the "fair use" (or similar/different) regulations in the country where the media are retrieved.


If you are the owner of KnowHomeschooling.com-hosted content being used without your permission

If you are the owner of content that is being used on KnowHomeschooling.com without your permission, then you may request the page be immediately removed from KnowHomeschooling.com; by contacting us at info @ mantyweb.com. We will, of course, need some evidence to support your claim of ownership.

This is a slightly modified version of the Wikipedia copyright notice for use on this wiki.

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